英検1級のスピーキングをブログで対策してみる メディア

この記事は過去のブログで執筆した記事(2017/6/18)を一部加筆修正して掲載しています。筆者は2016年度第3回英検一次筆記試験通過も二次スピーキングで不合格の後に、2017年度第1回英検で合格しています。過去のブログは、そのスピーキング対策の過程でアウトプットのために使用していました。なお、記事内の賛成反対意見等の記述は、あくまで個人的な意見、または「二次試験で(仮に試験官に深掘りされたとしても)答えやすいか」の観点で記述したものです。これから英検1級を受験する方の参考になるかもしれないと思い、こちらのサイトでも不定期で公開してみます。

メディアの功罪や弊害、さらに細かくSNS、インターネット、電子書籍などについても聞かれる。いずれのトピックについても、メリット・デメリット・対応策などについて意見をまとめておく。

①Do the benefits of SNS outweigh the disadvantages?(SNSのメリットはデメリットを上回るか)

メリット

・簡単に情報収集ができる(access information easily)

・多くのひとに情報を発信できる(send information to many people)

・企業にとってはよい広告になる(good advertisement  for companies)

・遠く離れた友人とも頻繁に連絡を取れる(stay in touch with friends regardless of geographical condition)

デメリット

・不特定多数の人にプライバシーが晒される(privacy is exposed to a lot of unknown people)

・誤った情報が多々ある(wrong information)

・時間を浪費して(time-wasting)QOLの低下に繫がる(lead to undermining QOL)

情報化の時代、そしてSNSが普及している事実を踏まえると、メリットの方が強いように思える。以上を踏まえてアーギュメントは以下。

SNS improves human relationships. SNS helps people stay in touch with friends they cannot see regularly. SNS also helps shy or socially isolated people connect with other people. Although some people point out it is time-wasting, human relationships are valuable assets.

SNS make it easy to send useful information to many users. For example, when natural disasters like earthquakes happen, people can share detailed information about the disaster and evacuation. Although some people point out security problem of privacy, most users have net-etiquette called netiquette.

SNS will boost business because it work as cost-effective advertisement. For example, companies can increase their sales by attracting millions of users of twitter and facebook by using promotion advertisement on SNS.

②Does the benefit of of the internet outweigh its disadvantages?(インターネットのメリットはデメリットを上回るか)

情報社会の恩恵を享受している今の時代、インターネットを否定するのは難しいだろう。立場はイエスとしてアーギュメントは以下。

The internet is a great source of information, which allows people to fid various kinds of information. For example, when you want to cook a pizza but you don’t know how to cook, you can find high quolity its recipe on the internet and even watch videos which explain how to cook it.

The internet will expand business opportunities through SNS and online advertising, thus contributes to national and global economic growth.

The internet will widen educational opportunities. For example, e-learning system enable poor people to receive high quality and cost-effective class through the internet.

Although some people point out its disadvantages such as harmful web site for adolescent, cyber crime, I think its benefits far outweigh these this advantages.

なお、上記のデメリットに対しては

It’s important for internet users to learn/develop media literacy so in that cace, you have to be more careful and cross-reference several web site.

It’s important to upgrade your software state of the art because it prevent you from cyber crime. In addition, changing your password regularly is also effective way in the point of security.

などと捌く。

③Should playing online games be discouraged?(オンラインゲームはやめさせるべきか)

イエスでアーギュメントは以下。

Online games are addictive enough to deprive people of their valuable time to spend on more productive activities such as study and exercise. Studying makes people more logical and academic, sophisticated, and exercising make them more physically strong and healthy.

Online games can undermine player’s health by increasing their sedentary behaver and exposure of computer screens. I will be the cause of bad posture, eyestrain, and metabolic syndrome.

学習目的のゲームは子供の学力向上にとってよいのでは?と返されたら

These kinds of games accounts for only a small percentage. Most games are merely for entertaining purposes.

Considering its health risk such as eyestrain, sleep deprivation, bad posture, and metabolic syndrome, I think that these disadvantages far outweigh its advantages.

などと捌く。

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