英検1級のスピーキングをブログで対策してみる 環境

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この記事は過去のブログで執筆した記事(2017/6/17)を一部加筆修正して掲載しています。筆者は2016年度第3回英検一次筆記試験通過も二次スピーキングで不合格の後に、2017年度第1回英検で合格しています。過去のブログは、そのスピーキング対策の過程でアウトプットのために使用していました。なお、記事内の賛成反対意見等の記述は、あくまで個人的な意見、または「二次試験で(仮に試験官に深掘りされたとしても)答えやすいか」の観点で記述したものです。これから英検1級を受験する方の参考になるかもしれないと思い、こちらのサイトでも不定期で公開してみます。

①Is environmental protection compartble with economic growth?(環境保護は経済成長と相性がよいか)

立場はイエス。アーギュメントは以下。

The development of eco-friendly technologies creates huge job opportunities, which is boon especially to job seeking young people. With the increasing demands of green industry like recycling, eco-friendly cars, renewable energy, they can get such jobs and thus environmental protection boost economy.

Companies eco-consciousness contributes to success in their business by enhancing their reputation. With the increasing awareness about the importance of companies’ environmental protection, their good reputation attract more consumers and investors, thus increasing their sales and profits.

②How serious are current environmental problems?(今日の環境問題はどれくらい深刻か)

http://www.conserve-energy-future.com

環境問題が簡潔にまとめてある海外のサイトがあったので、それを抜粋していくつか。

(以下抜粋)

’’1. Pollution: Pollution of air, water and soil require millions of years to recoup. Industry and motor vehicle exhaust are the number one pollutants. Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins responsible for pollution. (中略)

2. Global Warming: Climate changes like global warming is the result of human practices like emission of Greenhouse gases. Global warming leads to rising temperatures of the oceans (中略)

7. Loss of Biodiversity: Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitats and and loss of bio-diversity. Eco systems, which took millions of years to perfect, are in danger when any species population is decimating. (中略)

10. Ozone Layer Depletion: The ozone layer is an invisible layer of protection around the planet that protects us from the sun’s harmful rays. Depletion of the crucial Ozone layer of the atmosphere is attributed to pollution caused by Chlorine and Bromide found in Chloro-floro carbons (CFC’s). Once these toxic gases reach the upper atmosphere, they cause a hole in the ozone layer, the biggest of which is above the Antarctic.  Ozone layer is valuable because it prevents harmful UV radiation from reaching the earth.’’

③Can animal testing be justified?(動物実験は正当化されうるか)

世界的にも論争を醸している、意見が割れそうなトピック。反論されたときの返しやすさを考えてイエスの立場を取る。アーギュメントは以下。

The most important reason of animal testing is to save people suffering from incurable disease. It has greatly contributed to the development of medicine, which saving people from deadly disease. For example, the vaccines of for polio and smallpox, which first tested on monkeys and cows respectively, greatly helped to eliminate the diseases thus saving millions of people.

Animal testing will boost the economy by developing medical industry including pharmaceutical industry. The medical industry is a high value-added industry so it boost the economy.

There is no effective alternative to animal testing because of genetic similarity between human and animals. For example, chimpanzees share 92% and even mice share 92% of human genes. Other alternatives like computer simulation cannot produce equally results.

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